One of the most critical and important departments of medical science is neurosurgery. It is dedicated to the diagnosis and treatment of injury, diseases, or disorders present in the brain, spine, and nerves. According to the kind of problem, a neurosurgeon takes help from surgical or non-surgical care. A person, at any stage of his life, can suffer from problems linked to the nervous system. In such cases, he needs to consult a specialist person. For that, a neurosurgeon will be the best person to whom you can talk. A lot of neurosurgeons are there to discover which are trained and professional enough to handle several cases.
We’ll make you aware of some neurosurgery treatment, especially regarding the head, brain, and spine.
1. Head Injury
You can identify concussion as a mild traumatic brain injury. For those who participate in sports like football or boxing, there are possibilities of facing a concussion. In many cases, it doesn’t require surgical assistance and fixes with medications. But, if there is a presence of bleeding, swelling, or a serious injury to the brain, there can be a need to implement surgery.
You can understand hematoma as a collection of blood outside of the blood vessels. It stands as a common occurrence among many people in some part of their lives. Many hematomas are resolved automatically. But in some cases, surgically eliminating or emptying the blood in a hematoma becomes essential according to symptoms or location.
This is a kind of head injury in which a break or crack is observed in the skull bone. Some mild cracks may not interrupt seriously and heal over time. But, if a severe skull fracture takes place, there can be a presence of serious complications. In case of severe injuries, surgery may come in charge to fix the condition.
You can understand it as a blood loss that can either be internal or external. A brain hemorrhage can even lead to death, that’s why prompt medical treatment becomes necessary in some conditions.
2. Brain Surgery
A brain tumor refers to a mass or growth of abnormal cells in the brain. Some of them are non-cancerous (benign) and some are cancerous (malignant). A tumor in the brain can lead to brain damage, which can be life-threatening.
It refers to a buildup of excess cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the cavities deep within the brain. It is also referred to as water on the brain. When this kind of fluid builds up around the brain, there can be a presence of harmful pressures on the brain tissues restricted within the skull. Regarding its treatment, several options are used. With the help of neurosurgery treatment, there can be a restoration and maintenance of normal cerebrospinal fluid levels in the brain.
This department focuses on treating neurological conditions in children.
Neuro endoscopy refers to an advanced procedure by which the surgeon looks inside the spine, brain, and skull with the help of a small incision with minimum trauma.
3. Spine Surgery
Many neurosurgeons can deal with numerous spine surgeries including laminectomy. Here, the surgeon takes out the lamina and bone spurs. This procedure helps to expand the spinal canal to alleviate pressure on the spinal cord or nerves.
This kind of treatment option is developed as an alternative to laminectomy. It takes place only on the cervical spine (vertebrae in the neck). It helps to rebuild the vertebral lamina to decompress the spinal cord.
Spine Stabilization Surgery
Also known as spinal immobilization, this kind of spine surgery is for those who experience instability in their spine.
Spine Tumor Surgery
If a neurosurgeon inspects a tumor in the spine, he will prepare to remove it out. A tumor in the spine can be of different kinds.
Vertebroplasty & Kyphoplasty
These procedures are helpful to stabilize compression fractures in the spine. Both these methods have a similar role, but the procedures are different. In vertebroplasty, the surgeon injects the bone cement in the vertebrae which have been cracked or broken, often because of osteoporosis. The cement then hardens and stabilizes the fracture. Whereas, kyphoplasty involves inflating a small balloon the vertebrae so that space is created before injecting the bone cement.