Endoscopic Surgery | Endoscopy in Haryana at VK Neurocare


An endoscopy is a procedure in which the doctor uses specialised instruments (basically a flexible tube with a small camera and light) which are inserted in your body that help them to view the internal organs of the body. It has the ability to produce clear images of the complete digestive tract and other internal organs.

Endoscopic Surgery

It is a surgery in which an endoscope is inserted into the body through a body opening like mouth/anus or by making a small cut in the body. It is sent along with other specific instruments to perform mild surgeries. These instruments can be used to do minor surgeries without making big cuts or insertion in the body. This treatment with the use of Endoscopy is referred to as Endoscopic treatment. The camera pictures allow the surgeons/doctors to see the inside of organs and get a detailed view of it.

The main purpose of Endoscopy is diagnostics and recognising the problem. The view from endoscope helps surgeons to gain an accurate understanding of the problem which has led to enable surgeons to conduct modern form of surgery. In this, once the problem area is recognised, it is operated modifying the endoscopic equipment and is known as Endoscopic surgery depending upon the result report or through any other kind of surgery/medication.

Endoscopic surgery helps patients to get rid of problem tissues faster rather than going for full traditional surgery which takes more time to perform and longer recovery time. In fact, during an endoscopic surgery procedure the patient loses very less blood and thus the recovery is faster. The internal organs are reached through openings in the body through the flexible endoscopic pipes, thus no big cuts or stitching is required and is minimally invasive. This procedure is very effective and can be useful to remove bladder tumours or tumours from digestive tract, colloid cysts, early Esophagael Neoplasis, Stomach cancer etc. It is a safe procedure and mostly can be performed when the patient is conscious, however, local anaesthetic can be given.

With the advancement of technology, there is very minimal to no risk involved in Endoscopy. Endoscopy is fast, reliable and relatively safe procedures.

There are several types of Endoscopic procedure. Some of them are:-

  • Arthroscopy:-It is used to examine joint area
  • Bronchoscopy:-This is to examine lungs
  • Colonoscopy:-This is to examine the colon
  • Enteroscopy:-It is useful to examine the small intestine
  • Hysteroscopy:- It is used to examine inside of the uterus   
  • Laparoscopy :- It is used to examine abdominal or pelvic area
  • Laryngoscopy:- This is to examine larynx      
  • mediastinoscopy:-It is used to examine mediastinum,
  • Esophagogastroduodenoscopy(EGD):-It is used to examine Esophagus and upper intestine tact
  • Ureteroscopy:- It is used to examine ureter
  • Sigmoidoscopy:- This is used to examine the inside of the rectum and sigmoid colon 

Conditions in which Endoscopy may be required:

The doctor may ask you to have an endoscopy if any of the following conditions is suspected:-

  • Ulcerative Colitis – It is an inflammatory bowel disease which causes inflammation in the digestive tract.
  • Crohn’s Disease- It is an inflammatory bowel disease that affects the lining of the digestive tract.
  • Stomach Ulcer – It is a boil that can occur on the lining in stomach or small intestine, even on oesophagus
  • Tumors – A disease in which abnormal tissue grows
  • Cancers – A disease in which abnormal cells grows and divides uncontrolled
  • Infections – An infection which can be caused by bacteria or virus attack on the stomach or intestines
  • Blockage of the esophagus
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease – A disease in which stomach acid or bileare thrown back to the into the esophagus lining and irritates it
  • Hernia-Mainly, a hernia involves the stomach or intestine. It is bulging of an organ or tissue through cavity walls in which it normally resides
  • Chronic Constipation- It is a condition in which there is difficult or incomplete evacuation of bowel movements.
  • Gallstones- They are hardened deposits of bile(a digestive juice produced in body) that can form in gallbladder(a small organ under liver). 
  • unusual vaginal bleeding- Abnormal flow of blood through the vagina
  • finding blood in your urine- citing of blood in the urine
  • Cysts- It is an abnormal growth in organ or cavity which is filled with fluid or semi-solids. They can be found in kidneys or ovaries
  • other digestive tract issues

We, at V K Neurocare, take care of each and every minor detail in all our treatments. We make sure that you are well prepared before the surgery and are fully aware of the whole procedure and precautions.

Endoscopic Surgery Procedure:


Our surgeon/doctor would tell you about any preparations that needs to be done like restriction on eating the night before the operation or drinking a lot of water or go on liquid diet etc. depending upon the kind of Endoscopic you would go through for a seamless surgery. Following the instructions and taking medicines on time will help you in a fast recovery.  It is very important that the guidelines are properly followed.

Surgical Treatment

During an endoscopic surgery, a surgeon inserts an Endoscope-which is a flexible thin long tube fitted with camera and light, through an opening in the body such as the mouth. Surgeons will use instruments such as forceps and scissors on the endoscope to operate on the specified area and remove any abnormal tissue. As it is very precisely done, local sedatives are given which means you might be remain conscious while the surgery is being performed.

While the surgery is being performed, our doctors closely review the pictures on the screen and, sometimes, record images from the endoscope to make sure the surgery are as seamless as possible. Once the surgery is done, you may be required to take some rest before you are discharged. For any medication required, our doctors will give you specific instructions.


You will be required to take some rest of around an hour once the surgery is done. During this time, you would be kept under observation of our doctors in the hospital.

For most endoscopic surgeries, you will not need to stay or get admitted in the hospital for a long period. Most treatments generally take less than half an hour to perform and this is so quick that that you might not need to stay overnight and would be allowed to go back home the same day. Just with the effect of anaesthesia and pain killers would be enough to ease the pain and you can go and rest in the comfort of your home with your family.  As you might be under the influence of sedatives which makes you feel sleepy, it is required that someone else should drive you to home.

It is very uncommon to have a problem post an endoscopy surgery, but they can happen. If you feel any kind of pain or discomfort, our doctors are available to guide you through any such uncertain time. Please get in touch with your doctor for any such symptoms.

What is Migraine?

Migraine, also known as a vascular headache is a type of severe headache. It is a neurological disorder that causes throbbing pain generally on one or both sides of the brain. Headache is very different from a migraine. The symptoms of headache include aching in the head muscles, pain from mild to severe, dullness, etc., whereas the migraine headache is generally accompanied by pulsing sensation, nausea, and sensitivity towards sound and lights. The migraine attack triggers our neurological system so severely that it hampers our daily routine life activities as well. The prescribed medicines works help in controlling the pain and anxiety of the patient.

What are the Symptoms of Migraine?

The symptoms of migraine headache start at the childhood age only and do not occur in the adult age as per the scientific studies revealed. It has been found that women are at high risk of migraine headache in comparison to men. The migraine starts with the family only. Family history is considered as the most common risk factor for the migraine.

What happens during Migraine attacks?

When Migraine attacks in our body, then it starts from phase one to the fourth phase. The symptoms of migraine vary from the first stage to the last. Migraine is classified into four different stages, which are as follows:

  • Pro-drome
  • Aura
  • Attack
  • Post-drome



It is an alarming stage of migraine in childhood age. The symptoms include:

  • Food craving
  • Depression
  • Excess yawning
  • The feeling of extreme thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Constipation
  • Stiffness in neck



Aura is not often seen in the patients. In this stage, the symptoms are generally visual and not neurological. Each symptom may last up to one hour at max. Aura usually occurs before a headache. The symptoms include:

  • Visual impairment
  • Speech disturbances
  • Stabbing pain in arms and legs
  • Nausea
  • Weakness in one side of the body
  • Dizziness


Attack or Migraine Headache:

The attack stage lasts up to 3 days from four hours initially. Migraine attack occurs not only once, but many times too in a month. The number of strokes varies from one person to another. The symptoms in the attack stage include:

  • Pain often occurs on both sides
  • Vomiting
  • Sensitivity towards light and sound
  • Throbbing pain

Post-drome or Migraine Hangover:

It is considered the last and painful stage for both the patient and the people they are surrounded by. Its symptoms are almost similar to the first stage. The symptoms may include:

  • After the attack stage, the patient will be drained
  • Confused
  • Stressed and depressed
  • Lack of appetite


It is supreme to understand that every time a headache is not a sign of a migraine. Sometimes a migraine attack hits the body so badly that the body doesn’t feel a headache, but the rest of the migraine symptoms occur. Along with the symptoms, sudden neurological movements in the brain are also responsible for the pain.

How to Avoid Migraine Triggers?

  • Be hydrated and do not skip meals
  • Stay away from those food items which cause headache
  • Say no to tea and coffee
  • Regular exercise and healthy eating
  • Sound sleep on time

Consult a Doctor

It is important to take care of your or your loved one’s health, especially in case of headache that may cause:

  • Pinning in arms or legs
  • Dizziness, confusing stage, visual impairment
  • The unbearable headache lasts for long hours
  • Difficulty in speaking
  • Nausea and vomiting


The VK Neurocare hospital has the best Neurospecialist and Neurosurgeon as Dr. V.K. Gupta, who treats more than 1000 Migraine cases every year and has given the best results. Dr. V. K Gupta has advised all his patients suffering from migraines not to wait for the last stage. If you are seeing the symptoms at the Aura stage or throbbing pain in the eyes or arms, then book an appointment with him and he will resolve all your queries and provides you with the best medication for your migraine management. It is advised to keep track of your frequent headache as it will help to determine your medical history. Never ignore a headache!

Migraine Treatment


Medical tests:

When proceeding towards the treatment of Migraine it is recommended to undergo the following tests:

  • CT Scan
  • BP check
  • MRI



Dr. V. K Gupta suggests the best medicines as per the gender too. According to Dr. Gupta, it is advisable to first detect the type of headache. If the headache is normal, then medications are different and if it is a vascular headache then the medications are different in both males and females. It has been noticed that in females the chances of migraine are high in comparison to males. This change affects the entire system of the females and any wrong medication suggested by the pharmacists considering vascular headache as a normal headache causes severe illness in the female body.



Dr. V.K Gupta suggests avoiding the following diet to prevent the Migraine:

  • Fast food
  • Tea and coffee
  • Alcohol
  • Artificial sweeteners
  • Chocolates
  • Citrus fruits

Lifestyle to Reduce Migraine

As per Dr. Gupta, a lifestyle change can relax you from the migraine and severe headache at bay. It is suggestible to follow a healthy regime that includes:


  • Regular exercise or yoga
  • Healthy diet
  • Maintain sleep schedule
  • Distress yourself
  • Keep headache track


Please feel free to to share this important Migraine related information with your near and dear ones, who might benefit from the Information and they can also get the best Advice      from Dr. V.K. Gupta. To Book an In-Person Appointment Or      Online Consultation with the   Brain Specialist Dr. V.K. Gupta please Call/Whatsapp +91-7685934444, or email us at care@vkneurocare.com, Or Visit our website www.vkneurocare.com

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